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Lammas Recipies

Corn Bread

2 eggs
2 cups buttermilk

3 tbsp shortening melted
1 1/2 tsp salt
2 1/2 cups cornmeal
1 tsp baking powder
1/2 tsp baking soda
Beat eggs, add buttermilk and melted shortening mix well
mix dry ingredients add to egg mixture
beat until smooth pour into greased pan\bake at 375 about 25 minutes serve hot

Beef Barley Soup

2 quarts water
soup bone with the meat on
1/2 cup celery tops
1TBSP salt
1/2 tsp pepper
1/2 cup uncooked barley
3 cups coursely chopped cabbage
1 cup sliced celery
2 cups sliced parsnips
2 cups thinly slice onions
1 can 12 oz tomato paste

Combine water, bone and celery tops
Bring to boil and cover lightly. Simmer for 2 hours
Remove bone and chop meat
Stir in barley and chopped meat. Cook 30 minutes
Add remaining ingredients and simmer for 30 minutes or until veggies are tender

Berry Parfait

Just layer strawberries then whipped cream, blueberries then whipped cream then raspberries and whip cream

Tarot - Major Arcana

The Fool (Le Mat)
The Spirit of the Aether

Card Number: 0
Key Number: 11
Rulership: Air
Hebrew Letter: Aleph
Translation: Ox
Numerical Value: 3 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Beginnings, most probably of journeys which may be possibly mental, physical or spiritual.  The beginning of a new life-cycle.  Energy, force, happiness and optimism.  The overturning of the status quo or existing states by unexpected happenings.  Innocence, naivety, and spontaneity.  Important decisions to be made.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Ill advised risks, impulsive action, choices and rash decisions.  Foolishness, gambling, instability and the wasting or frittering way of creative energy.  A bad time for commitments and can be an indication of someone who starts many new things but never finishes them.  They may also consistently seek changes in their environment or job.


The Magician (Le Bateleur)
The Magnus of Power

Card Number: 1
Key Number: 12
Rulership: Mercury
Hebrew Letter: Beth
Translation: House
Numerical Value: 9
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Mastery of the material world, creative action, self discipline and a willingness to take risks.  An ability to recognise one's own potential, the power to initiate, communication and wit.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Confusion, hesitation, inability to make decisive choices.  Inability to properly utilise time or talents.  Lack of inspiration or energy.  Giving up easily, poor self image, poor co-ordination and sometimes learning difficulties.


The High Priestess or Papess (La Papess)
The Priestess of the Silver Star

Card Number: 2
Key Number: 13
Rulership: The Moon
Hebrew Letter: Gimel
Translation: camel
Numerical Value: 9
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Intuition, wisdom and secret knowledge, the feminine side of the male personality.  Something remains yet to be revealed, but patience must be observed. Duality and mystery.  Hidden influences affect both home and work and intuitive insight suggests new solutions.  The influence of women.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Lack of personal harmony and problems resulting from a lack of foresight.  Suppression of the feminine or intuitive side of the personality.  Facile and surface knowledge.  repression and ignorance of true facts and feelings.  In women, an inability to come to terms with other women or themselves.  Things and circumstances are not what they seem.


The Empress (L'Imperatrice)
The Daughter of the Mighty Ones

Card Number: 3
Key Number: 14
Rulership: Venus
Hebrew Letter: Daleth
Translation: Door
Numerical Value: 9 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - The promotion of well-being and security.  Creativeness in financial affairs, love and parenthood.  Maternal care, domestic stability, abundance and material wealth.  Fertility, security, achievement of goals and growth.  Depending on surrounding cards - sometimes marriage and pregnancy.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Possible domestic problems, financial difficulties, lack of affection and achievement.  Creative blocks and possible problems with a relationship.  Infertility, sterility or promiscuity and/or unwanted pregnancy.  Poverty.


The Emperor (L'Empereur)
Son of Morning: Chief Among the Mighty

Card Number: 4
Key Number: 15
Rulership: Aries
Hebrew Letter: Heh
Translation: Window
Numerical Value: 12
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Competitiveness, forcefulness in development and execution.  Authority, structure, governmental and corporate identities.  Worldly power, self control gained through experience.  Ability to shoulder responsibility. Powerful individuals, ambition together with the possibility of long term achievement.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Loss or dislike of authority, corporate governmental or parental.  Immaturity and indecision.  Weakness, manipulative friends or colleagues.

The Pope (Le Pape) or Hierphant
The Magnus of the Eternal

Card Number: 5
Key Number: 16
Rulership: Taurus
Hebrew Letter: Vau
Translation: Nail
Numerical Value: 12

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Ritual and routine, religious guidance and authority, education in its formal sense.  A seeker after knowledge and wisdom.  Good sound advice, teaching and constructive counsel.  Marriage, partnerships and morality.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Misleading or dubious advice, poor counsel, slander and propaganda.  Beware of first impressions.  Distortion of truth and a bad time for signing agreements.  Misleading advertisements.  Unconventionality and rejection of family values.


The Lovers (L'Amoureux)
The Children of the Voice; The Oracle of the Mighty Gods

Card Number: 6
Key Number: 17
Rulership: Gemini
Hebrew Letter: Zain
Translation: Weapon or Sword
Numerical Value: 12
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Harmony and union, choices to be made using intuition and not intellect.  Difficult decisions to be made not necessarily about love.  Some form of test and consideration about commitments.  Abstract thought, internal harmony and union, second sight.  Possibly a struggle between two paths.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Contradiction, deception, disharmony, duality and one's own internal conflict.  Infidelity, and romantic disturbances.  Indecisiveness, postponing choices and a warning not to make important decisions at this time.


The Chariot (Le Chariot)
The Child of the Powers of the Waters; The Lord of the Triumph of Light

Card Number: 7
Key Number: 18
Rulership: Cancer
Hebrew Letter: Cheth
Translation: Fenced or Enclosed Field
Numerical Value: 12 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Triumph over adversity, overcoming life's obstacles, decisiveness and ambition in achieving one's goals, well deserved victory.  A period of struggle ending in worldly success.  Self control, effort, perseverance.  Working within the boundaries of one's life to build up a successful existence.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A disregard for others, envy, avarice.  Loss of control and chaos in one's personal life possibly due to personal flaws.  Imbalance. Destruction.  A warning against overwhelming ambition and high expectations.  The continuation of outdated ideas and traditions. 

Strength (La Force)
The Daughter of the Flaming Sword

Card Number: 8
Key Number: 19
Rulership: Leo
Hebrew Letter: Teth
Translation: Serpent
Numerical Value: 12
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Courage. Self control. The virtue of Fortitude.  The power of love.  Control of passion against one's baser instincts.  Determination. Generosity.  Strength and power under control.  Energy. Optimism. Generosity, resolve and reconciliation.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Power wrongly used.  Defeat. Lack of willpower.  Feelings of inadequacy.  Pessimism. Surrender to unworthy impulses. Tyranny. Concession.  Inability to act.


The Hermit (L'hermite)
The Prophet of the Eternal;  the Magnus of the voice of Power

Card Number: 9
Key Number: 20
Rulership: Virgo
Hebrew Letter: Yod
Translation: The Human Hand Closed to Grasp or Hold
Numerical Value: 12
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Caution. Discretion. Need for prudence.  Counsel sought and taken.  Inner calm.  A need to reach into one's inner resources.  Assimilation.  Planning. A wise guide or spiritual mentor.  A time to stand back and reflect upon circumstances

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Refusal of counsel or assistance.  immaturity.  Isolation from others.  A negative resistance towards help. Groundless suspicions about the motives of others.  Imprudent actions or decisions. The continuation of bad habits or unproductive lifestyles.  Foolish obstinacy.  The reliance on one's own resources that are inadequate.


Wheel of Fortune (La Roue de Fortune)
The Lord of the Forces of Life

Card Number: 10
Key Number: 21
Rulership: Jupiter
Hebrew Letter: Kaph
Translation: Hand
Numerical Value: 9

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Effortless success. Good fortune that is unexpected.  Coincidences.  Luck.  The beginning of a new cycle.  Advancement.  Positive upheaval.  Change.  A card of good fortune, the appearance of destiny and Karmic change.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Bad luck that is unexpected.  Resistance to change.  Unexpected interruptions.  A warning against gambling.  Difficulties. Delays.


Justice (La Justice)
The Daughter of the Lords of Truth; The Ruler of the Balance

Card Number: 11
Key Number: 22
Rulership: Libra
Hebrew Letter: Lamed
Translation: Ox, Goad (Noun) to Teach or Instruct (Verb)
Numerical Value: 12
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Amicable and favourable resolution of conflicts.  Triumph over bigotry and prejudice.  Legal action.  Litigation. Contracts.  Settlement.  Divorce.  Sometimes marriage depending upon the other cards and normally only when marriage contracts, legal or financial documents are a necessary part of the intended union.  Clarity. Fairness. Arbitration. A straightforward choice.  Judgement.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Injustice.  Inequality and bias.  Separations not yet ratified or legalised.  Delay. imbalance.  Confusion surrounding legal or tax affairs.  Complicate negotiations.  unfair or delayed judgement.


The Hanged Man (Le Pendu)
The Spirit of the Mighty Waters

Card Number: 12
Key Number: 23
Rulership: Water
Hebrew Letter: Mem
Translation: Water
Numerical Value: 3
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Devotion to a worthwhile cause.  Temporary suspension of progress.  Flexibility of mind and a willingness to adapt to changes.  Sacrifice in the present to reap benefit in the future.  A waiting period. Rebirth. Sacrificing one thing to obtain another.  Transformation.  Circumstances literally turned on their head.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Loss.  Lack of commitment.  Preoccupation with selfish and material things.  Despite drawbacks a preference for the status quo.  Oppression.  Apathy in pursuit of goals.  Taking the view 'Better the devil you know'.  Failure to act with an inability to move forward or progress.


Death (La Mort)
The Child of the Great Transformers; The Lord of the Gate of Death

Card Number: 13
Key Number: 24
Rulership: Scorpio
Hebrew Letter: Nun
Translation: Fish
Numerical Value: 12 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - The beginning of a new life. As a result of underlying circumstances transformation and change.  Major changes.  The end of a phase in life which has served its purpose.  Abrupt and complete change of circumstances, way of life and patterns of behaviour due to past events and actions.  Alterations.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Change that is both painful and unpleasant.  A refusal to face the fear of change or change itself.  Agonising periods of transition.  Inertia.  Lethargy. Mental, physical or emotional exhaustion.


Temperance (Temperance)
The Daughter of the Reconcilers; The Bringer Forth of Life

Card Number: 14
Key Number: 25
Rulership: Sagittarius
Hebrew Letter: Samech
Translation: Prop
Numerical Value: 12 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Combination.  Co-operation.  Co-ordination.  Innovation through combination.  Diplomacy.  Successful Negotiations.  Maturity in dealing with certain matters.  A placid, balanced temperament and good outlook.  Meaning literally, temperance in the sense of harmony and balance.  good management.  An ability to adapt to changing circumstances.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Imbalance.  Volatility.  Poor judgement.  fickle decisions.  Conflicting interests.  Physical stress.  Disagreements.  Restlessness and instability.  trying to combine too many or the wrong elements in too short an expanse of time.

The Devil (Le Diable)
The Lord of the Gates of Matter; The Child of the Forces of Time

Card Number: 15
Key Number: 26
Rulership: Capricorn
Hebrew Letter: Ayin
Translation: Eye
Numerical Value: 12 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Money matters.  Feeling the burden of the material side of life. Desire for physical and material things.  Feeling of frustration and oppression.  A tendency to collect and hoard money and material objects.  Lust.  Sexual obsession.  The querent's knowledge of his or her own needs, wants and desires.  Security versus creative or spiritual fulfillment.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - True evil.  Abuse of authority.  Material success is the focus to the exclusion of all other things.  Uncontrolled ambition.  Greed.  Bondage to a person or situation or thing.  Emotional blackmail. More severe forms of the above.  True evil.


The Tower (La Maison Dieu)
The Lord of the Hosts of the Mighty

Card Number: 16
Key Number: 27
Rulership: Mars
Hebrew Letter: Peh
Translation: Mouth
Numerical Value: 9 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Disruption. Conflict. Change.  Sudden violent loss.  Overthrow of an existing way of life.  Major changes.  Disruption of well worn routines.  Ruin and disturbance.  Dramatic upheaval.  change of residence or job sometimes both at once.  Widespread repercussions of actions.  In the end, enlightenment and freedom.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Negativity.  Restriction of desires and imprisonment.  Less sever forms of the above.  Drastic change that may rob the individual of freedom of expression.  Sometimes bankruptcy and imprisonment.  more usually imprisonment within a set of circumstances which cannot currently be altered.  Sudden changes out of one's control.  Less sever forms of the above.

The Star (L'Etoile)
The Daughter of the Firmament; The Dweller Between the Waters

Card Number: 17
Key Number: 28
Rulership: Aquarius
Hebrew Letter: Tzaddi
Translation: fish Hook
Numerical Value: 12 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Fresh hope and renewal.  Healing of old wounds.  Hope. renewal of faith and hope.  Spiritual love.  A mental and physical broadening of horizons. Promise and fulfillment.  inspiration.  Influence over others.  Vigour and confidence.  Protection.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Self doubt.  Stubbornness.  Unwillingness or inability to adapt to changing circumstances and accept the opportunities it may bring.  Lack of trust and self-doubt.  Obstacles to happiness.  Diminished life.  Inability to freely express oneself.  Rigidity of mind.


The Moon (La Lune)
The ruler of the Flux & Reflux; The Child of the Sons of the Mighty

Card Number: 18
Key Number: 29
Rulership: Pisces
Hebrew Letter: Qoph
Translation: The Back of the Head
Numerical Value: 12 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Imagination. Dreams and psychic impressions.  Sometimes psychic work.  Illusions.  Inability to see things clearly sometimes resulting in personal depression.  Sometimes signifies fiction writing or acting, particularly work in the entertainment industry.  Losing control of one's daily life.  The unconscious mind.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Exaggerated forms of the above.  The need for secrecy.  Deception.  Illusion.  Escape into daydreams to avoid dealing with reality.  Inability to discern reality from illusion.  Insincere people.  Hidden forces.  Trickery.  Sometimes an inability to tell the truth.  Despair and a desperate need for help.


The Sun (Le Soleil)
The Lord of the fire of the World

Card Number: 19
Key Number: 30
Rulership: the Sun
Hebrew Letter: Resh
Translation: The Head
Numerical Value: 9 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Contentment and happiness on attaining success.  Good Health.  Material happiness. Mental, physical and spiritual vitality.  New inventors or inventions. Academic and particularly scientific success.  Reward.  Acclaim. Approval.  Children.  Abundance of energy. Achievement.  Joy and happiness.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Troubled partnerships and marriages.  Diminished forms of the above.  Broken engagements and contracts.  Sometimes, autism, learning disabilities or allergies.  Hyperactivity. Failure.  Arrogance. Relationship difficulties.  Vanity.  Hypersensitivity.  Misjudgement.  Delayed Happiness.

Judgement (Le Judgement)
The Spirit of the Primal Fire

Card Number: 20
Key Number: 31
Rulership: Fire
Hebrew Letter: Shin
Translation: Tooth
Numerical Value: 3 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Changes and improvements.  Satisfactory outcome to a specific matter or period of life.  Joy in accomplishment.  Awakening.  Rebirth.  A good time for career moves. renewed, health, vitality and mental clarity.  Sometimes indicates important pending decisions that will change the pattern of life for  the better.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Stagnation.  Delay in concluding a series of actions.  Fear of change and sometimes fear of death.  Lack of progress due to lack of important decision making.  Loss and separation, not necessarily permanent.  Guilt.

The World (Le Monde)
The Great One of the Night of Time

Card Number: 21
Key Number: 32
Rulership: Saturn
Hebrew Letter: Tau
Translation: Cross
Numerical Value: 9
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Accomplishment. Fulfillment. Completion of a personal cycle, project, series of events or chapter in life.  Success.  A culmination of events.  A sense of repleteness.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Frustration. Completion delayed.  Sometimes fear of change. Inability to bring something to a satisfactory end.  resistance to change.  Lack of trust.  Despite appearances to the contrary, an indication that events have not yet come to a conclusion but are nearing completion.  Hesitation.


Tarot - Suite of Wands

The Ace of Wands
The Root of the Powers of Fire

Numerical Value: 5
Season: Spring
Direction: South
Divinatory meaning
Upright - An exciting new project or career. The essence of fire, creativity, inventiveness, ambition and enthusiasm.  The aggressive pursuit of new ventures.  Foundations for future success, intuition, conception, fertility, artistic innovation and manhood.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Bareness, impotence, sterility, avarice, greed.  An over confidence that ends in tears.  In a woman's spread this card may indicate trouble with men.


The Two of Wands
The Lord of Dominion

Numerical Value: 2
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Success that has been achieved through hard work.  Strength of character and will ensuring that ideas come to fruition.  The responsible use of power and wisdom gained through experience.  Wealth obtained legally.  Job-related perks.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Naked ambition that knows no bounds.  The attainment of a worthless ambition.  Riches and fortune obtained illegally, dishonestly or via deception.  Loss of faith in ones own rationale and oneself.


The Three of Wands
The Lord of Established Strength

Numerical Value: 3
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Dreams that turn into reality through circumstance and being in the right place at the right time.  Successful ventures launched, inspiration and original ideas.  Strength coming from successful enterprise due to the courage of one's convictions.  Plans and ventures that are moving ahead.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Failure to put plans into action.  Striving for unattainable goals.  Lack of communication between dreams and reality.  Failure of a promising looking enterprise.  Great plans that do not come to fruition.  A retreat from reality into fantasy.


The Four of Wands
The Lord of Perfected Work

Numerical Value: 4
Divinatory meaning
Upright - The fruits of one's labour, hard work resulting in the successful completion of a project.  This is the card of the professional man: an innovator or renowned designer.  The establishment of culture, Refinement, charm, attractiveness and splendour.  Depending upon the surrounding cards, there is a possibility of romance.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Happiness that is unorthodox in nature.  A life ruled by superfluous and artificial constraints and rules.  Tradition which leads to innate snobbery and superiority and exceptional and profound reliance upon ceremony, decorum and routine.  A period of respite before successfully concluding a project.


The Five of Wands
The Lord of Strife

Numerical Value: 5
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Problems and possibly upheaval that simply cannot be avoided.  Minor irritations may also occur, but whatever the circumstances, i.e. tests, opposition, trouble strife; great mental agility and the use of ones inner mental resources will be needed to triumph.  Success can be achieved but only through relentless hard work.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Trickery, fraud, defeat, hurt and ruin.  Litigation and legal wrangles that could be avoided.  Spiteful conversation and unnecessary competitiveness.


The Six of Wands
The Lord of Victory

Numerical Value: 6
Divinatory meaning
Upright - The arrival of fantastic, good news.  Success and great public acclaim gained through hard work and effort.  Hopefulness, and satisfaction in what has been achieved.  The surmounting of obstacles through tact and diplomacy rather than use of force.  Victory and triumph.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Indecision, fear that one's enemies are engaging in surreptitious activity.  Fear about the outcome of a situation.  Delayed news or rewards or possibly even bad news.

The Seven of Wands
The Lord of Valour

Numerical Value: 7
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Successful advancement.  A time of great opportunity requiring much skill, courage and determination in order to succeed.  Strength of nerve, great fortitude and courage in the face of hardship.  An indication that success may be achieved through sustained effort.  Indicates strong and powerful competition.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Indecision and retreat.  Lack of decisiveness that causes the challenge to be lost.  Opportunities lost through hesitation.  Giving in just as the end was in sight.  Depending upon surrounding cards a turning away from success due to fears of responsibility may be indicated.

The Eight of Wands
The Lord of Swiftness

Numerical Value: 8
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Understanding and harmony.  The time and conditions are right to facilitate success.  A process of speeding-up and an end to delays.  A time for 'grasping the nettle', taking the initiative or taking charge.  This card also indicates: important journeys, correspondence, and favourable news.  A card of hope.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Disputes and disagreements.  Great effort and a driving force that is totally wasted through the running out of steam.  Silly, spontaneous actions.  Cancelled journeys and possibly redundancy or sacking.  Jumping in both feet first before testing the water.

The Nine of Wands
The Lord of Great Strength

Numerical Value: 9
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Order, discipline an unassailable position.  Any opposition will be defeated.  Courage in the face of attack or adversity and a stability that cannot be removed.  Good health.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Lack or inability to give and take.  Projects pursued that are destined to fail because of their impractical nature.  Delays and disarray.  Card could indicate possible poor or ill health.  A secure position that is no longer.  Personality flaws.


The Ten of Wands
The Lord of Oppression

Numerical Value: 10
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Conduct that is honourable.  Great good fortune that is now a burden due to it's demanding nature and demands on time.  Diseconomies of scale in business, a successful pastime that can no longer be administered by its creator.  Lack of social life due to the demands of a project, job or overtime.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A concerted effort to spoil the pleasures and affairs of others because of jealousy.  Treachery.  An inability to delegate in a job, leading to unnecessary stress.  Lies and deceit used to upset others.


The Page of Wands
The Princess of the Shining Flame; The Rose of the Palace of Fire

Numerical Value: 7
Elemental Name: Earth of Fire 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A trustworthy, reliable young person, with an inborn desire to bring happiness, excitement and light to those around.  This person is a messenger of good news and witty gossip.  A person who is faithful in service to superiors.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Honest qualities, that may turn to petulance.  Someone who believes they are trustworthy, but all the time being unfaithful.  A person unable to keep a confidence someone who betrays trust and spreads gossip.  The card can also indicate journeys that are delayed or a change of address.


The Lord of the Flame and the Lightening; The King of the Spirits of Fire

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Fire of Fire 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A lover of action, this is the card of someone who has a well-liked, energetic, confident, but sometimes unpredictable nature.  He has an engaging temperament and his actions sometimes a little swift do tend to make sense with hindsight.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - This person's enthusiasm is so great it becomes at odds with those around.  Someone who enjoys discord, arguments, strife and trouble just for the sake of it and actively seeks to cause it.  Card may also indicate delayed journeys.


The Queen of the Thrones of Flame

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Water of Fire 

Divinatory meaning
Upright - A lady of the manor either living in or loving the country.  A very generous, capable and fair person especially in her dealings with people.  A woman who is both fertile in mind and body and a homemaker.  She enjoys social ease due to her charm and is protective towards those in her circle.  The card may also indicate the success of a project.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A person who has a tendency to dominate or to be bitter; an envious, matriarchal and overbearing woman.  A person who has a cruel very dry sense of humor and tends to image people are out to get her, even though malice was never present or intended.


The Prince of the Chariot of Fire

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Air of Fire 
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A charming, responsible, loyal, entertaining, witty, honest, conscientious and generous person.  A lover of the home and family life.  A very passionate and virile man who is good at moral support and encouragement.  When pushed or provoked he acts without hesitation, but can sometimes find this hard as he can often see both sides of an argument.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - He has an inability to understand or appreciate another's point of view, particularly if they are coming from a lower moral standpoint than his own.  He is intolerant, narrow minded and a bigot with deep prejudices.  He has a ruthless streak and cares little for the feelings of others.


Tarot - Suite of Cups

The Ace of Cups
The Root of the Powers of Water

Numerical Value: 5
Season: Summer
Direction: West
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Faithfulness, fertility, joy, love.  The commencement of creative or artistic projects.  All the positive powers of the unconscious mind.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - The card is symbolic of changes for the worst, possibly a time of barrenness, which can be either of a physical or mental nature.  Failure of love, stagnation, despair and possibly loss of faith.


 The Two of Cups
The Lord of Love

Numerical Value: 2
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Affection, love, the beginnings of a new romance, partnership or friendship. Emotional affinity, sympathy, joyous harmony, the reconciliation of opposites in mutual trust.  Resolved differences.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Separation, dissent, divorce, deceit or unfaithfulness in a personal relationship.  Misunderstandings and quarrels, love not returned.


The Three of Cups
The Lord of Abundance

Numerical Value: 3
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A fortunate end to a valued project or venture.  A birth possibly physical, but may mean the birth of a new project instead.  Great happiness as the result of a marriage or a birth.  Something coming to fruition that was conceived out of love.  A card of abundant fertility, trust harmony, maternity and the healing of ills.  Possibly a celebration.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Self indulgence to excess.  Selfishness and sensuality.  Loss of happiness.  Loveless sex, unbridled passion, famine, illness possibly associated with smoking or over-eating. Promiscuity and obesity.


The Four of Cups
The Lord of Blended Pleasure

Numerical Value: 4
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Time to re-evaluate an all too familiar environment, dissatisfaction and boredom.  The need to search for a more stimulating way of life.  Apathy, dwelling on past experience.  Love that turns to familiarity.  Happiness that has reached its peak.  Possibly the establishment of a family.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - All kinds of excess, ill health or fatigue as a result of over indulgence.  The overturning of a way of life.  Rapid change resulting in new anxieties.  Excitement for its own sake that brings little or fleeting pleasure.  A low boredom threshold.


The Five of Cups
The Lord of Loss in Pleasure

Numerical Value: 5
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A need to re-order and re-evaluate priorities.  Union and espousal.  Dishonour that cannot be overcome, loss defeat.  There is a need to curb futile belligerence and accept the inevitable.  Worry and regret, broken engagements and emotional letdowns.  Emotional or monetary legacies.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - The overturning of a way of life.  False starts.  Worries which arrive both unexpectedly and from an unexpected source.  Ill luck which leaves a feeling of being bereft.  Worries and anxieties.


The Six of Cups
The Lord of Pleasure

Numerical Value: 6
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Harmony, past associations have brought present relationships.  A sense of the past.  Happiness that results from past efforts.  Pleasant memories and the realization of a dream.  Can also indicate new elements entering one's life which are linked to the past, which will work through the present to create the future.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A hankering after the past and that which is gone and never to return.  Vanity and pride in past success and accomplishment creating a barrier to future success.  A Clinging to the past and outdated habits and customs.  Exaggerated nostalgia.

The Seven of Cups
The Lord of Illusionary Success

Numerical Value: 7
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A need to reflect upon choices.  Sometimes too many choices and opportunities are presented, which need careful consideration if a grave error of judgement is to be avoided.  May refer to a variety of choices of people for example marriage and other partners. The inquirer is faced with several choices one of exceptional promise but great perception is needed for this to be seen.  This card may also indicate mystical experience of an inspiring kind.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Reliance upon false hopes.  Inaction causing the loss of opportunity.  A fear of success.  Self-delusion and indecision.


The Eight of Cups
The Lord of Abandoned Success

Numerical Value: 8
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A turning point, a severing of links with the past, which have become outdated.  A turning away from established relationships and objects of affection, to facilitate progress to newer and deeper things.  A change of perspective a change of viewpoint.  Security and attachment.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Abandonment of that which has been well founded in order to pursue an impossible ideal. Fantasy and risk.  Restlessness and recklessness.


The Nine of Cups
The Lord of Material Happiness

Numerical Value: 9
Divinatory meaning
Upright - An assured future, satisfaction, contentment and physical well being.  Overcoming difficulty.  Emotional stability, a benign outlook.  Inner security which radiates a general aura of goodwill.  Liberality, generosity of spirit, feelings of well-being.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Falling into error, complacency, vanity and self indulgence.  Shortage of money due to spendthrift tendencies or loss of credit cards.  Sentimentality and an overlooking of the faults in others which can lead to abuse of hospitality.


The Page of Cups
The Princess of the Waters; The Lotus of the Palace of the Floods

Numerical Value: 7
Elemental Name: Earth of Water
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A symbol of Imagination.  May indicate a time for quiet reflection.  Depending upon surrounding cards: a messenger bringing news of an engagement, marriage or birth.  A reflective, poetic, quiet and artistic person, gentle and kind.  A person with a wealth of knowledge, giving freely his advice.  A person gifted with much foresight.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Depending upon surrounding cards: a deception that will be uncovered.  A failure to make meaningful commitments and shallow self indulgence.  A person with much surface and shallow knowledge, a jack of all trades.  A scheming person that is selfish and keeps his knowledge to himself.  he has an appreciation of the beautiful but is not applied enough to become an artist.  A person who is lazy and given to lies and harmful gossip.

The Knight of Cups
The Lord of the Waves and the Waters; The King of the Hosts of the Sea

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Fire of Water
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Change and new excitements, particularly of a romantic nature.  invitations, opportunities, and offers.  A person who is a bringer of ideas, opportunities and offers.  He is often constantly bored and in constant need of stimulation, but also artistic and refined.  A person who is amiable, intelligent full of high principals, but a dreamer who can be easily led or discouraged.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Unreliability and recklessness.  Fraud, embezzlement, false promises and trickery.  A person who is congenital liar, someone who has trouble discerning the end of the truth and the beginning of falsehood.

The Queen of Cups
Queen of the Thrones of the Waters

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Water of Water
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A happy card which indicates balance and harmony, also symbolizes high achievements made possible by the use of imagination.  A woman who is highly imaginative and artistically gifted, affectionate and romantic in outlook, and creates an other worldly atmosphere around herself.  A woman who lacks common sense, but is highly intuitive and sometimes psychic and dreamy.  Atmospheres, other people and events can easily influence her.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Fecklessness.  A woman who cannot be trusted someone who is a dreamer, unreliable and cannot be depended upon.  She is swift to change her opinions without reason or good cause.  A woman who is perverse and can be given to hysteria.  She may even lead others to destruction in pursuit of some idle fantasy.


The King of Cups
The Prince of the Chariot of the Waters

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Air of Water
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A person who commands respect, but not love.  A man of business or law, considerate and responsible.  He is kind but ambitious and a skilled negotiator.  He is a born manipulator, someone who has arrived in a position of power by the use of brain as opposed to brawn.  He avoids taking people into his confidence and often works in secret or behind the scenes.  He is a seeker of power, with hidden motives, often distrusted or feared by those around him.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A violent, unscrupulous, dishonest man who is likely to be involved in double dealing.  His only responsibilities are to himself and he has no moral sense.  He may involve his associates in scandal, vice, dishonesty, corruption and evil, as he himself may be drawn.


Tarot - Suite of Swords

The Ace of Swords
The Root of the Powers of Air

Numerical Value: 5
Season: Autumn
Direction: East

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Total and complete change of mind. In its purest form the ace is symbolic of strongly constituted authority, and pursuit of ultimate truth. Triumph, victory and success, a rebirth and a new beginning.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Confusion, exaggeration in thought, violence, destruction and the misuse of power. Possibly death, but this depends upon other cards.

The Two of Swords
The Lord of Peace Restored

Numerical Value: 2

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Courage, delicate and precarious balance in adversity. Differences resolved, relief, restoration of peace, truce, a weight off the mind.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Treachery, violence, willful misguidance and misleading advice, betrayal, trickery and deceit.

The Three of Swords
The Lord of Sorrow

Numerical Value: 3

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Sorrow and extreme pain. With a positive view in end: upheaval, separation, disruption and discord. Heartbreak, tears, strife, conflict. The clearing of that which is obsolete to make way for that to come. Establishment of something better.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Spiritual and mental confusion, loss, discord, treachery and sorrow. War, breaking of a truce, quarrels and enmity. Physical or mental disorder.

The Four of Swords
The Lord of Rest from Strife

Numerical Value: 4

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Retreat, withdrawal, peace established through arms. Rest, recovery, hospitalisation, recuperation from battle and relief from anxiety or sorrow.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Banishment, enforced isolation, seclusion, imprisonment, cowardice, depression and failure of nerve.

The Five of Swords
The Lord of Defeat

Numerical Value: 5

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Defeat, loss, failure, dishonour, a need to curb futile belligerence, accept the inevitable and swallow pride. Negative thoughts and attitudes.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Paranoia, indecision, malice, spite or someone acting as such in your affairs.

The Six of Swords
The Lord of Earned Success 

Numerical Value: 6

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Gradual change, movement or travel away form difficulty or imminent danger. The solution of current problems. Long journeys and passage from pain. Obstacles that are overcome.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Developments that are unexpected, temporary relief from difficulties, need for continuing effort and strength. Once one obstacle is surmounted another presents itself.

The Seven of Swords
The Lord of Unstable Effort 

Numerical Value: 7

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Sudden desire and impulse. A card of caution in the face of opposition. Change of residence, job or possibly both. An indication of triumph in the face of adversity, but must be through cunning. No real progress, through lack of purpose.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Counsel and specific advice. Reluctance to carry through daring actions when necessary, failure of nerve and indecision. Surrender when victory is almost in sight. Inability and reluctance to complete what has been started.

The Eight of Swords
The Lord of Shortened Force 

Numerical Value: 8

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Jealousy, often from colleagues or family, crisis and enforced isolation, illness and oppression, major difficulties and adverse circumstances dictated by fate.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Hard work reaping little reward, frustration, despair, depression. Effort being exercised in the wrong place. Change and liberation. A moving away from a problem rather than finding the solution to it.

The Nine of Swords
The Lord of Despair and Cruelty 

Numerical Value: 9

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Deception, premonitions and bad dreams, suffering and depression, cruelty, disappointment violence, loss and scandal. All of these may be overcome through faith and calculated inaction. This is the card of the martyr and with it comes new life out of suffering.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Distrust and suspicion, despair, misery and malice. Total isolation away from comfort and help. Institutionalisation, suicide, imprisonment and isolation.

The Ten of Swords
The Lord of Ruin 

Numerical Value: 10

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Ruin, desolation, disruption, although generally this refers to a group rather than an individual. Sorrow, sudden misfortune, accidents, muggings or personal robbery. There is some cause for optimism; as the lowest point in the cycle, from now on things can only get better the worst is over.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Only an illusionary lifting of burdens or release from afflictions as suffering will continue. Sometimes death and violent and extreme change. Only temporary good fortune.

The Page of Swords
The Princess of the Rushing Winds; The Lotus of the Palace of Air 

Numerical Value: 7
Elemental Name: Earth of Air

Divinatory meaning
Upright - A good personal emissary, although sometimes a card associated with spying or surveying others from a detached viewpoint. A person of grace and dexterity, diplomatic and skilled in the ability to work out the true nature of things. A person who can negotiate expertly on behalf of his peers. Detachment is one of the true qualities of this figure.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A two faced, cunning and possibly vindictive person, with an inability to grasp the nettle. A seeker of hidden weaknesses in enemies, devious and given to snooping in other people's affairs. May be an indication of unforeseen events, ill health, or plans being overtaken by events.

The Knight of Swords
Lord of the Winds and the Breezes; King of the Spirits of Air 

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Fire of Air

Divinatory meaning
Upright - A clever, skillful and active person, courageous and strong, always at his best in a difficult situation. He may have a tendency to dominate and depending upon surrounding cards, his movement may be either in or out of the querent's life for either better or worse. He is the archetypal warrior.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - The card reversed, lends itself to someone who is impetuous, sly and deceitful, fierce in action with little staying power. A starter but not a finisher of things. Quarrels may be indicated, but this depends upon surrounding cards. Application of great force and energy becomes 'simple-minded indulgence'.

The Queen of Swords
The Queen of the Thrones of Air 

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Water of Air

Divinatory meaning
Upright - A complex, courageous, intelligent woman, who may well have suffered some deep sorrow or loss. She is concerned with attention to accuracy and detail and can skillfully balance opposing factions to meet her own needs. She has attained inner wisdom and a sense of truth. The cards is one for women who have overcome adversity especially at the hands of men, to obtain a state of grace. The ability of women.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Sorrow for the sake of sorrow. A card of wrongdoing as a reply to adverse circumstances. A deceitful, sly, intolerant and narrow minded woman, expert in the use of half truths and quiet slander. A formidable enemy due to her subtlety and sharp intellect.

The King of Swords
The Prince of the Chariots of the Winds

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Air of Air

Divinatory meaning
Upright - This king is certainly a ruler. This man is a law-maker, someone with a rational, alert and inventive mind. An advocate of law and order, and modernity to the expense of tradition. He has a tendency to be somewhat overcautious and leaves on project quickly to star on another. A man of independent judgment and an achiever in what he does.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - The probability of great disruption and contempt for the weak. An abuse of power and authority. A calculating, obstinate man, capable of utmost evil to achieve his aims and desires.


Tarot - Suite of Coins or Pentacles

The Ace of Pentacles
The Root of the Powers of Earth

Numerical Value: 5
Season: Winter
Direction: North
Divinatory meaning
Upright - Financial change for the better, material comfort, physical well being, wealth, possessions and an appreciation of the good things in life.  The essence and luxury of the Element of Earth.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Greed, dependence upon physical pleasures for happiness, avarice, miserliness, materialism.  Lack of imagination and fear of death.


The Two of Pentacles
The Lord of Harmonious Change

Numerical Value: 2

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Vast change and fluctuations.  A need to balance many skills when planning ahead.  A warning against purchasing items on credit.  The cards indicates: imminent changes and movement, such as news, journeys, communications, money, material preoccupations.  All change must be skillfully navigated with knowledgeable manipulation of life's rules, in order to attain continued success.  There needs to be careful handling of established business.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Fecklessness, reckless elation, and discounting warnings of impending trouble.  Debt, also may indicate over-indulgence in physical pleasures or drunkenness.  Inability to complete a project.


The Three of Pentacles
The Lord of Material Works

Numerical Value: 3

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Success gained through hard work and effort. A gain in commerce and an increase in material things.  This is the card of the businessman, craftsman and merchant.  Skillful work is both awarded and appreciated.  A good time to start a project, with an indication of help in business.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Miserliness, missed opportunities through fear of loss, inability to benefit from the advice of others as a result of obstinacy, conceit or prejudice.  Effort that yields disappointing results.


The Four of Pentacles
The Lord of Earthly Power

Numerical Value: 4

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Financial and material security.  An increase in power and authority in business, through influence and wealth.  Business and monetary obstacles will be overcome.  Promotion.  Force is not needed to achieve law and order, it can be done through negotiation.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Lack of an ability to delegate work, bureaucracy that destroys individual initiative.  Greed.  A fear of losing that which is familiar and established which in turn makes for opposition to change.


The Five of Pentacles
The Lord of Material Trouble

Numerical Value: 5

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Redundancy, loss of financial stability, material worries, poverty.  A warning of money troubles lying ahead, however there is a suggestion that restriction in certain areas may open doors in others.  Avenues yet to be explored, a message of not being too despondent.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Long term unemployment.  Lack of success.  Poverty and destitution.  Adversity that may be overcome was it not for a lack of imagination or ability to be less obstinate.

The Six of Pentacles
The Lord of Material Success

Numerical Value: 6

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Solvency in material affairs, clearance of debts and use of good fortune to the benefit of others.  Repayment of favours. Charity, patronage, sympathy and a kind heart.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Reckless and careless behaviour with money.  Loss of money through carelessness, deceit or theft.  Extravagance.


The Seven of Pentacles
The Lord of Success Unfulfilled

Numerical Value: 7

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Promising projects that fail.  A warning not to rest upon one's laurels as success is only attainable through continued hard work.  Material success may be possible but the nettle must be grasped.  Previous past effort wasted through inertia in the present.  Reaping no reward from charitable work.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Self induced money worries.  Bankruptcy, possibly gambling, promising circumstances that end in failure.  Financial insecurity.

The Eight of Pentacles
The Lord of Prudence

Numerical Value: 8

Divinatory meaning
Upright - The use of one's skills and personal interests to rewarding and profitable ends.  Reaping the fruits of one's labour, a small increase in money.  An advantageous card for any talented or enthusiastic individuals.  To enjoy lasting success efforts should be continuous and not halted prematurely.  Thriftiness.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Inappropriate use of energy and skills for unsuitable ends.  Dishonest dealings in business affairs.  Short term gain at the expense of long term profit.

The Nine of Pentacles
The Lord of Material Gain

Numerical Value: 9

Divinatory meaning
Upright - The enjoyment of hard earned success.  Financial gains made from unexpected sources, such as: monetary gifts, winnings, inheritances and settlements.  Unearned income possibly from a divorce settlement.  Popularity, common sense and order arising out of chaos.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - Affluence obtained via deception.  Theft, swindling and pilfering.  Corruption and success earned from the backs and misfortunes of others.  This card also warns that present calm and stability will not be sustained.


The Ten of Pentacles
The Lord of Wealth

Numerical Value: 10

Divinatory meaning
Upright - Emotional and financial stability.  Family fortunes, inheritance and prosperity that has been built up and handed down over the generations.  The formation of family tradition.  This card may indicated good fortune regarding a dowry.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - The negative effects of vast wealth and the restrictive effects of long tradition.  Family arguments about money, or the breaking up of an estate after a death.  Card may also indicate burglary.


The Page of Pentacles
The Princess of the Echoing Hills; The Rose of the Palace of Earth

Numerical Value: 7
Elemental Name: Earth of Earth
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A meticulous, hardworking man, proud of his responsibilities.  He is essentially honourable, a good administrator, but may sometimes be a little too diligent and overzealous in his duties.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A person with no sense of humour and full of his own importance.  A person who enjoys the power he wields over those below him.  Depending upon the surrounding cards there may be some unwelcome news concerning monetary matters.

The Knight of Pentacles
The Lord of the Wild and Fertile Land; The King of the Spirits of Earth

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Fire of Earth
Divinatory meaning
Upright - An impassive, indifferent and stoical person, who does not always appreciate the feelings of others.  A very traditional person who is clever in monetary affairs, patient and hardworking.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A greedy and grasping person, sometimes self satisfied and smug.  Depending upon the surrounding cards may indicate that finances have reached a break even point or even a standstill.


The Queen of Pentacles
The Queen of the Thrones of Earth

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Water of Earth
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A capable and practical businesswoman, who enjoys her material comforts.  She has a responsible attitude to her wealth and uses it to advance the fortunes of those in her inner circle.  She is neither particularly bright nor insightful, but has depth of feeling, with an appreciation of life's pleasures.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A person that enjoys the company of sycophants to shield her from criticism and uses her wealth to do this.  She is unable to see beyond material possessions or rise above them.  She can be highly changeable with a suspicious and narrow-minded outlook towards things that are either new or that she misunderstands.  Fortune used for displays of grandeur and opulence.


The King of Pentacles
The King of the Thrones of Earth

Numerical Value: 4
Elemental Name: Air of Earth
Divinatory meaning
Upright - A loyal and dependable leader who is neither particularly intelligent or imaginative.  He is trustworthy, patient, cautious and uses his inborn wisdom to increase his wealth.  He is slow to lose his temper, but once angered he stands rigid against his enemies.

Ill Dignified or Reversed - A person who is easily bought, dull, very materialistic and mercenary.  He is blind to beauty and hates change as he finds it hard to adapt.  He treads a well worn path even if it leads nowhere.


Eight Limbs of Yoga

What are the Eight Limbs of Yoga?:
According to the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, one of the ancient texts that is the basis for the philosophy behind yoga, there are eight “limbs” (Ashtanga in Sanskrit) of yoga. Each limb relates to an aspect of achieving a healthy and fulfilling life, and each builds upon the one before it. You may be surprised to hear that only one of the limbs involves the performance of yoga postures. Here is a description of the eight limbs.

1. Yama: Five ethical guidelines regarding moral behavior towards others:
Ahimsa: Nonviolence
Satya: Truthfulness
Asteya: Nonstealing
Brahmacharya: Nonlust
Aparigraha: Noncovetesness

2. Niyama: Five ethical guidelines regarding moral behavior towards oneself:
Saucha: Cleanliness
Santosa: Contentment
Tapas: Sustained practice
Svadhyaya: Self study
Isvara pranidhana: Surrender to God

3. Asana: Practice of yoga postures.

4. Pranayama: Practice of breathing exercises.

5. Pratyahara: Withdrawal of the senses, meaning that the
exterior world is not a distraction from the interior world within oneself.

6. Dharana: Concentration, meaning the ability to focus on something uninterrupted by external or internal distractions.

7. Dhyana: Meditation. Building upon Dharana, the concentration is no longer focused on a single thing but is all encompassing.

8. Samadhi: Bliss. Building upon Dhyana, the transcendence of the self through meditation. The merging of the self with the universe. Sometimes translated as enlightenment.



Magickal Alphebets

Anchient Latin

"The earliest known inscriptions in the Latin alphabet date from the 6th century BC. It was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC. The letters Y and Z were taken from the Greek alphabet to write Greek loan words. Other letters were added from time to time as the Latin alphabet was adapted for other languages."

Etruscan Alphabets

"The Etruscan alphabet is thought to have been developed from the Greek alphabet by Greek colonists in Italy. The earliest known inscription dates from the middle of the 6th century BC.

More than 10,000 Etruscan inscriptions have been found on tombstones, vases, statues, mirrors and jewelry. Fragments of a Etruscan book made of linen have also been found.

Most Etruscan inscriptions are written in horizontal lines from left to right, but some are boustrophedon (running alternately left to right then right to left).

Used to write: Etruscan, a language spoken by the Etruscans, who lived in Etruria (Tuscany and Umbria) between about the 8th century BC and the 1st century AD. Little is known about the Etruscans or their language."

Archaic Etruscan alphabet (7th-5th centuries BC)

Neo-Etruscan alphabet (4th-3rd centuries BC)


Gothic Alphabet



Middle Adriatic / South Picene

North Picene


Tarot - The Dragon Spread

Note: This picture and information came from Colleen's Magick School.

1. THE HEART OF THE QUESTION: This cards placement is the one that represents the core of the question or problem posed to you, consciously or unconsciously.

2. WHAT CROSSES THE QUESTION: This cards placement represents obstacles that may manifest themselves to oppose your objective. Here is where the Dragon as an antagonist raises its mighty head. Take heed! This card is to show you the problem in obtaining your objective. Recognize it! Understand it! That is the only way you can overcome what the card is showing you.

3. THE FOUNDATION: Why this objective (the question) is even present in your life. This card can be almost harder to accept then #2. Most people want to know why things are happening (or not happening) to them in their life, but they fail to realize that they are more often then not the cause of such obstacles. The card in this placement should clarify this.

4. OUTSIDE INFLUENCES: Where placement #3 usually represents the questioner's own influences (or obstacles) on the question, here we have any possible influences that may pertain to the question.

5. THE SHADOWTAIL CARD: Here, unknown, unseen events surrounding the question are made known (possibly for the first time). Usually a very surprising card for the person.

6. YOUR HOPES: Now we move onto the Wings of the Dragon. One wing (the Wing of Light) starts with the person's deep felt hopes regarding the question. Pretty straight forward.

7. YOUR FEARS: And here on the other wing (the Wing of Shadows) we begin with the person's fears towards the question or situation. Both placement 6 and 7 should be regarded as the questioner's feelings on the matter, whether they are realistic or not (and usually are not in both cases).

8. THE WING OF LIGHT: This position reveals the best possible solution the question could ever hope to receive. If you don't see it here, it isn't going to happen.

9. THE WING OF DARKNESS: This card will reveal the worst possible solution the situation can offer. Both position 8 and 9 represent the spectrum of the outcome that will be revealed in the remaining cards. Sometimes this can be a comforting card. Most people's greatest fear is the worst thing that could happen. Well, here it is. Usually this card is never as bad as most people think.

10. THE PAST: This card will show the questioner's past that has bearing on the question and may be influencing it.

11. THE PRESENT: This shows how the person feels about the question and how it relates to their life now.

12. &13. THE FUTURE: Here we have two cards to represent the most likely outcome of the posed question. These cards (considered to be the Dragon's Eyes, or perhaps the Dragon's Horns) are to be read together, giving a more detailed, in-depth view towards the question. More times then not, the final outcome usually falls somewhat in-between what the two wing cards have shown.


Tarot - Emperor Spread

This spread is used for looking at your situation, goals, maintenence, general upkeep of your life.

Represents you in command, how you go about things.

Things you can control.

Things you can't control.

These are things to discard, situations or attitudes that nolonger serve you.

Things to keep in a modified form, things to prune.

Things that need maintaining.

This is the result or goal you would like to reach, your ideal, ordered situation or world, or where this is headed.

Represents an unexpected result, unforseen or secondary consequences, something to be aware of.

Represents your willpower, your desire for this thing, which can overcome the odds.